If you happen to notice any of the following symptoms, you should consult your physician as soon as possible because they indicate a heart-related problem that needs to be resolved in order to prevent more serious heart damage. Let’s take a look:

Arrhythmia

Also known as irregular heartbeat, it means that the body beats too slowly, too quickly, or irregularly. The skipping of heartbeats is usually followed by chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating, etc. and the doctor needs to run tests to detect the reason behind the irregular heart beating. If you’ve been diagnosed with this condition, you should make some lifestyle changes like quit smoking and drinking too much alcohol and caffeine and avoiding drugs that contain stimulants.

Chest pain

Pain in the chest can be caused from a pain in the muscles to a heart attack so it should never be neglected. The pain is usually sharp, dull, and throbbing. If it is followed by these symptoms, you need immediate medical attention: vertigo, nausea, confusion, grayish complexion, heart palpitations, excessive sweating, low blood pressure, pressure around the heart area, pain in the jaw, left arm, and in the back, and an inability to catch a breath. The reasons for the symptoms can be numerous. Some of them are coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, infarct, myocarditis, pericarditis, etc.

Thrombosis

Thrombosis is the formation of blood clots in one or more deep veins. It’s usually a consequence of certain medical conditions or it can appear after a surgery, after an accident, or during a recovery in the hospital or at home. This problem may lead to pulmonary embolism if the clot reaches the lungs. The most common signs are pain and sensitivity in one leg, warm skin in the area of the clot, redness on the back side of the leg under the knee. The pain may or may not worsen when you bend the leg.

Pulmonary embolism

When untreated, one in ten people with thrombosis develop pulmonary embolism-a serious condition that causes loss of breath, pain in the chest which worsens during breathing, and a sudden collapse. Thrombosis is most common in people older than 40, however, it can happen to younger individuals as well. Known risk factors are genetics, sedentary lifestyle, damaged blood vessels, cancer, pregnancy, obesity, and hormone therapy.

Heart attack

A heart attack happens when the blood flow to a heart muscle section becomes blocked and the heart doesn’t get the needed oxygen. This results in the death of a part of a heart muscle. The symptoms are pain in the chest or discomfort which spreads to the shoulders, arms, back, neck, and the jaw, as well as nausea, vertigo, cold sweating, tiredness, and inability to catch a break.

Coronary heart disease or atherosclerosis

A disease in which plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries which causes the arteries to narrow due to too much fat within their walls. The most common causes for this health problem are high blood cholesterol levels, diabetes, high blood pressure, and smoking.

Source: https://patient.info/health/heart-attack-myocardial-infarction-leaflet

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